Needs of Aboriginal Australians

This research contributes to prevention and reduction of the burden of harm caused by alcohol and other drugs (AOD) among Aboriginal Australians. Research focuses on the inter-related topics of changing patterns of AOD use, factors related to harmful use, more efficient and effective provision of services, and improved policy responses. Research is based on well-established partnerships with Aboriginal community controlled health organisations, with Aboriginal community stakeholders and organisations actively involved in all aspects of research from planning through to translation into policy and strategies.

Name & Contact Details Role Location

Cartwright, K., Gray, D. and Fewings, E. (2018). Demonstrating impact: Lessons learned from the Queensland Aboriginal and Islander Health Council's AOD-Our-Way program. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15, (3), pp. 450. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15030450 [RJ1398] View web page

Lee, K., Wilson, S., Perry, J., Room, R., Callinan, S., Assan, R., Hayman, N., Chikritzhs, T., N., Gray, D., Wilkes, E., T., Jack, P. and Conigrave, K. (2018). Developing a tablet computer based application ('App') to measure self-reported alcohol consumption in Indigenous Australians. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, 18, (8). DOI: 10.1186/s12911-018-0583-0 [RJ1381] View web page

Cartwright, K., Gray, D., Wilson, M. and Jones, J. (2017). Evaluation of the AOD-Our-Way Project. National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia. [T254]

Gray, D., Cartwright, K., Stearne, A., Saggers, S., Wilkes, E., T. and Wilson, M. (2017). Review of the harmful use of alcohol among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Australian Indigenous Healthinfonet. [RJ1359] View web page

Brett, J., Lee, K., Gray, D., Wilson, S., Freeburn, B., Harrison, K. and Conigrave, K. (2016). Mind the gap: What is the difference between alcohol treatment need and access for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians? Drug and Alcohol Review, 35, (4), pp. 456-460. DOI: 10.1111/dar.12313 [RJ1121] View web page

Gray, D., Saggers, S. and Stearne, A. (2014). Indigenous health: the perpetuation of inequality. In Germov, J. (ed.) Second Opinion: An Introduction to Health Sociology (5th ed). Oxford University Press, Melbourne. pp. 147-162. ISBN: 9780195520149 [CH208]

Gray, D., Stearne, A., Bonson, M., Wilkes, E., T., Butt, J., C. and Wilson, M. (2014). Review of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs Treatment Service Sector: Harnessing Good Intentions. National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth. ISBN: 978-0-9873641-6-6 [T231] Download PDF

Gray, D., Wilson, M., Allsop, S., Saggers, S., Wilkes, E., T. and Ober, C. (2014). Barriers and enablers to the provision of alcohol treatment among Aboriginal Australians: a thematic review of five research projects. Drug and Alcohol Review, 33, (5), pp. 482-490. DOI: 10.1111/dar.12137 [RJ950] View web page

Kennedy, S., Carmody, T. and Stearne, A. (2014). Identifying opportunities for the prevention of harmful use of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs among young Noongars in Albany, Western Australia: Community Report. Southern Aboriginal Corporation & National Drug Research Institute, Albany. [T258] Download PDF

Marley, J., V., Atkinson, D., Nelson, C., L., Kitaura, T., Gray, D., Metcalf, S. and Maguire, G. (2014). The Be Our Ally Beat Smoking (BOABS): a randomised controlled trial of an intensive smoking cessation intervention in a remote Aboriginal Australian health care setting. BMC Public Health, 14, pp. 32. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-32 [RJ895] View web page

Marley, J., V., Kitaura, T., Atkinson, D., Metcalf, S., Maguire, G. and Gray, D. (2014). Clinical trials in a remote Aboriginal setting: lessons from the BOABS smoking cessation study. BMC Public Health, 14, pp. 579. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-579 [RJ996] View web page

Roarty, L. (2014). FASD PosterMaker: A creative response to providing health resources for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. [UJ199]

Roarty, L., Frances, K., Allsop, S., O'Leary, C., M., McBride, N. and Wilkes, E., T. (2014). Alcohol, Pregnancy and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Resources for health professionals working in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health care settings. National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia. [T228] Download PDF

Williams, R., Lawrence, C., Wilkes, E., T., Shipp, M., Henry, B., Eades, S., Mathers, B., Kaldor, J., M., Maher, L. and Gray, D. (2014). Sexual behaviour, drug use and health service utilisation by young Noongar people in Western Australia: a snapshot. Sexual Health, 12, (3), pp. 188-193. DOI: 10.1071/SH14038 [RJ982] View web page

Butt, J., C. (2013). Kava Usage in Aboriginal and Pacific Communities in Australia. National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia. ISBN: 978-0-9873641-1 [T225]

Shipp, M., Wilkes, E., T., Kaldor, J., M. and Gray, D. (2013). Celebrating strength: the role of resilience in responding to blood borne viruses and sexually transmitted infections among Indigenous communities. HIV Australia, 11, (3), pp. 27-29. [UJ203]

Wilson, M., Butt, J., C., Gower, D., Wilkes, E., T., Gray, D. and Howe, N. (2013). Drinking in the suburbs: The experiences of Aboriginal young people. National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University. [R267] Download PDF Abstract

Gray, D. (2012). Is the demand for alcohol in Indigenous Australian communities price inelastic? Drug and Alcohol Review, 31, (6), pp. 818-822. DOI: 10.1111/j.1465-3362.2012.00425.x [RJ729] View web page

Gray, D. (2012). What communities can do to prevent or limit drinking problems. In Lee, K., Freeburn, B., Ella, S., Miller, W., Perry, J. and Conigrave, K. (eds.) Handbook for Aboriginal Alcohol and Drug Work. University of Sydney, Sydney. pp. 337-342. ISBN: 978-1-74210 267-2 [CH186]

Marley, J., V., Atkinson, D., Nelson, C., L., Kitaura, T., Gray, D., Metcalf, S., Murray, R. and Maguire, G. (2012). The protocol for the Be Our Ally Against Smoking (BOABS) study, a randomised controlled trial of an intensive smoking cessation intervention in a remote Aboriginal Australian health care setting. BMC Public Health, 12, pp. 232. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-12-232 [RJ850] View web page

Symons, M., Gray, D., Chikritzhs, T., N., Skov, S., J., Saggers, S., Boffa, J. and Low, J. (2012). A longitudinal study of influences on alcohol consumption and related harm in Central Australia: with a particular emphasis on the role of price. National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth. ISBN: 978-0-9873641-0-4 [T220] Download PDF

Butt, J., C., Wilkes, E., T. and Gray, D. (2011). The preliminary validity and utility of assessing staff attitudes to working with cannabis related harms in Indigenous primary health care settings. Drug and Alcohol Review (S.1 ed), 30, pp. 16-17. [RJ821] Abstract

Gray, D. and Wilkes, E., T. (2011). Alcohol restrictions in Australian Indigenous communities: an effective strategy if Indigenous-led. Medical Journal of Australia, 194, (10), pp. 508. [RJ786] View web page

Saggers, S., Walter, M. and Gray, D. (2011). Culture, history and health. In Thackrah, R., Scott, K. and Winch, J. (eds.) Indigenous Australian Health and Cultures: An Introduction for Health Professionals. Pearson, Sydney. [CH177]

Stearne, A., Schmidt, S., Gray, D., Wilkes, E., T., Boffa, J. and Corcoran, T. (2011). A program and its evaluation: the Safe and Sober Support Service. Drug and Alcohol Review (S1 ed), 30, (1), pp. 84. [RJ822] Abstract

Gray, D. (2010). The Northern Territory Emergency Response and cannabis use in remote Indigenous communities (Refereed letter to the Editor). Medical Journal of Australia, 192, (10), pp. 555. [RJ730] View web page

Gray, D. and Wilkes, E., T. (2010). Reducing alcohol and other drug related harm. Closing the Gap Clearing House, (3). [RJ767] Download PDF

Gray, D., Saggers, S., Wilkes, E., T., Allsop, S. and Ober, C. (2010). Managing alcohol-related problems among Indigenous Australians: what the literature tells us. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 34, pp. 34-35. [RJ638] Abstract

Gray, D., Stearne, A., Wilson, M. and Doyle, M., F. (2010). Indigenous-specific Alcohol and Other Drug Interventions: Continuities, Changes and Areas of Greatest Need. Australian National Council on Drugs, Canberra. ISBN: 9781877018237 [R239] Download PDF

Nichols, F. (2010). Aboriginal Recommendations for Substance Use Intervention Programs. Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal, 34, (3), pp. 4-8. [RJ794]

Nichols, F. (2010). Aboriginal recommendations for substance use program evaluation. Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal, 34, (4), pp. 17-19. [RJ796]

Nichols, F. (2010). Take the best from both cultures: An Aboriginal model for substance use prevention and intervention. Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal, 34, (3), pp. 10-14. [RJ795]

Wilkes, E., T., Gray, D., Saggers, S., Casey, W. and Stearne, A. (2010). Substance misuse and mental health among Aboriginal Australians. In Purdie, N., Dudgeon, P. and Walker, R. (eds.) Working Together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Mental Health and Wellbeing Principles and Practice. Australian Council for Educational Research, Canberra. pp. 117-134. ISBN: 978-1-74241-090-6-6 [CH167] View web page Abstract

Gray, D. and Saggers, S. (2009). Indigenous health: the perpetuation of inequality. In Germov, J. (ed.) Second Opinion: An Introduction to Health Sociology (4th ed). Oxford University Press, Melbourne. ISBN: 9780195562811 [CH153]

Gray, D., Green, M., Saggers, S. and Wilkes, E., T. (2009). Review of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Community-Controlled Alcohol and Other Drugs Sector in Queensland. Queensland Aboriginal and Islander Health Council, Brisbane. [T194] Download PDF

Gray, D., Saggers, S., Wilkes, E., T., Allsop, S. and Ober, C. (2009). Enhancing the management of alcohol-related problems among Indigenous Australians (Abstract only). Drug and Alcohol Review, 28, pp. 72. [RJ712]

MacKeith, S., Gray, D. and Chikritzhs, T., N. (2009). Review of 'Moving beyond the restrictions: The evaluation of the Alice Springs Alcohol Management Plan': A report prepared for the Alice Springs People’s Alcohol Action Coalition. National Drug Research Institute, Perth. [T200] Download PDF

Pascal, R., Chikritzhs, T., N. and Gray, D. (2009). Estimating alcohol-attributable mortality among Indigenous Australians: towards Indigenous-specific alcohol aetiologic fractions. Drug and Alcohol Review, 28, (2), pp. 196–200. [RJ565] Abstract

Stearne, A., Wedemeyer, S., Miller, G., Miller, S., McDonald, B., White, M. and Ramp, J. (2009). Indigenous community-based outreach program: The program and its evaluation (Abstract only). Drug and Alcohol Review (Supplement 1), 28, (1), pp. A60. [RJ711] Abstract

Brown, J., Hunter, E., Conigrave, K., d'Abbs, P., Boffa, J. and Gallageher, C. (2008). Multidisciplinary care in the management of substance misuse and mental health problems in Indigenous settings. [R246] Download PDF

Gray, D., Saggers, S., Atkinson, D. and Wilkes, E., T. (2008). Substance misuse. In Couzos, S. and Murray, R. (eds.) Aboriginal Primary Health Care: An Evidence Based Approach (3rd ed). Oxford University Press, Melbourne. [CH142]

Bacon, V. (2007). What potential might Narrative Therapy have to assist Indigenous Australians reduce substance misuse. Australian Aboriginal Studies, 1, pp. 71-82. [RJ550]

Chikritzhs, T., N., Gray, D., Lyons, Z. and Saggers, S. (2007). Restrictions on the sale and supply of alcohol: Evidence and outcomes. National Drug Research Institute. Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia. ISBN: 1 74067 533 9 [M68] Download PDF

Chikritzhs, T., N., Pascal, R., Gray, D., Stearne, A., Saggers, S. and Jones, P. (2007). Trends in alcohol-attributable deaths among Indigenous Australians, 1998-2004. National Alcohol Indicators Project, Bulletin No.11. [R199] Download PDF Abstract

Saggers, S. and Gray, D. (2007). Social determinants of health: defining what we mean. In Carson, B., Dunbar, T., Chenhall, R. and Bailie, R. (eds.) The Social Determinants of Aboriginal Health. Allen & Unwin, Sydney. pp. 1-20. [CH136]

Stearne, A. (2007). Drug and alcohol services association of Alice Springs community-based outreach program: final evaluation report. National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia. [T175] Download PDF

Gray, D., Jackson Pulver, L., Saggers, S. and Waldon, J. (2006). Addressing indigenous substance misuse and related harms. Drug and Alcohol Review, 25, pp. 183-188. [RJ485]

Gray, D., Shaw, G., d'Abbs, P., Brooks, D., Stearne, A., Mosey, A. and Spooner, C. (2006). Policing, Volatile Substance Misuse, and Indigenous Australians. National Drug Law Enforcement and Research Fund, Mardon, SA. ISBN: 0 642 47447 8 [M60]

Saggers, S., Gray, D. and Strempel, P. (2006). Sex, drugs and indigenous young people. In Aggleton, P., Ball, A. and Mane, P. (eds.) Sex, Drugs and Young People: International Perspectives. Routledge, London. pp. 200-219. ISBN: 0-415-32878-0 [CH121]

Clough, A., R., d'Abbs, P., Cairney, S., Gray, D., Maruff, P., Parker, R. and O'Reilly, B. (2005). Adverse mental health effects of cannabis in two Indigenous communities in Arnhem Land, Northern Territory (Australia): an exploratory study. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 39, (7), pp. 612-620. [RJ455]

Couzos, S., Hunter, E., Gray, D. and Reading, D. (2005). Alcohol: prevention of problem drinking. In NACCHO (ed.) Evidence Base to a Preventive Health Assessment in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. Royal Australian College of General Practitioners, Melbourne. pp. 17-26. ISBN: 0 86906 264 6 [CH180]

Gray, D. (2005). Book review: Brady M. Indigenous Australia and alcohol policy. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 29, (3), pp. 294-295. [RJ458]

Gray, D. and Saggers, S. (2005). The evidence base for responding to substance use problems in Indigenous communities. In Stockwell, T., R., Gruenewald, P., Toumbourou, J. and Loxley, W. (eds.) Preventing Harmful Substance Use: The Evidence Base for Policy and Practice. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester UK. pp. 381-393. ISBN: 0-470-09227-0 [CH128] Abstract

Chikritzhs, T., N., Stockwell, T., R., Gray, D., Stearne, A., Pascal, R. and Saggers, S. (2004). Applying national indicators of alcohol-related harms to Indigenous Australians: a discussion paper. National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia. [T152]

Clough, A., R., Cairney, S., d'Abbs, P., Parker, R., Maruff, P., Gray, D. and O'Reilly, B. (2004). Measuring exposure to cannabis use and other substance use in remote Indigenous populations in northern Australia: a 'community epidemiology' approach using proxy respondents. Addiction Research & Theory, 12, (3), pp. 261-274. [RJ437] Abstract

Clough, A., R., d'Abbs, P., Cairney, S., Gray, D., Maruff, P., Parker, R. and O'Reilly, B. (2004). Emerging patterns of cannabis and other substance use in Aboriginal communities in Arnhem Land, Northern Territory: a study of two communities. Drug and Alcohol Review, 23, pp. 381-390. [RJ440] Abstract

d'Abbs, P. and Brady, M. (2004). Other people, other drugs: the policy response to petrol sniffing among Indigenous Australians. Drug and Alcohol Review, 23, pp. 253-260. [RJ451] Abstract

Gray, D. (2004). Report on the Alcohol and Other Drugs Forum on Priorities for the Delivery of Treatment Services Across the Northern Territory. National Drug Research Institute, Perth. [T144]

Gray, D. and Stearne, A. (2004). Makin Tracks: Final Evaluation Report. National Drug Research Institute, Perth. ISBN: 1 740 673 409 [T145] Download PDF Abstract

Gray, D., Saggers, S., Atkinson, D. and Strempel, P. (2004). Substance misuse and primary health care among Indigenous Australians. Australian Government Department of Health and Aging, Canberra, ACT. ISBN: 0 642 82501 7 [T140] Download PDF Abstract

Gray, D., Watts, S. and Haines, B. (2004). Alcohol and Other Drug Education and Training for Indigenous Workers: A Literature Review. Aboriginal Drug and Alcohol Council and National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth. ISBN: 1 74067 295 X [T132] Download PDF

Shaw, G., Biven, A., Gray, D., Mosey, A., Stearne, A. and Perry, J. (2004). An evaluation of the COMGAS Scheme: 'They sniffed it and they sniffed it – but it just wasn't there'. Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, Canberra. ISBN: 0 642 82566 1 [M50] View web page Abstract

Strempel, P., Saggers, S., Gray, D. and Stearne, A. (2004). Indigenous drug and alcohol projects: elements of best practice. Australian National Council on Drugs, Canberra. ISBN: 1 877018 09 0 [R167] Download PDF

Gray, D. (2003). Review of the 'Summary Evaluation of the Alice Springs Liquor Trial': A report to Tangentyere Council and Central Australian Aboriginal Congress. Central Australian Rural Practitioners Association Newsletter, (35). pp. 14-29. [UJ121] Download PDF

Gray, D. and Saggers, S. (2003). Substance misuse. In Thomson, N. (ed.) The Health of Indigenous Australians. Oxford University Press, Melbourne. pp. 158-185. ISBN: 019551220 [CH99]

Gray, D., Saggers, S., Hulse, G., K. and Atkinson, D. (2002). An approach to substance misuse problems among Indigenous Australians. In Hulse, G., K., White, J. and Cape, G. (eds.) Management of Alcohol and Drug Problems. Oxford University Press, Melbourne. pp. 310-327. ISBN: 0 19 551331 2 [CH86]

Gray, D., Sputore, B., A., Stearne, A., Bourbon, D. and Strempel, P. (2002). Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Projects 1999-2000. Australian National Council on Drugs, Canberra. ISBN: 1 877018 03 1 [R113] Download PDF Abstract

Sputore, B., A. (2002). Self-evaluation Made Easier: Patrol Monitoring and Evaluation Database. Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal, 26, (1), pp. 29. [UJ99] Abstract

Stearne, A. (2002). Assessment of the Need for Perth-Based Aboriginal Substance Misuse Services: A Report Prepared for the Noongar Alcohol and Substance Abuse Service. National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth. ISBN: 1 74067 1581 1 [T121] Abstract

Gray, D., Saggers, S., Atkinson, D., Carter, M., Loxley, W. and Hayward, D. (2001). The Harm Reduction Needs of Aboriginal People Who Inject Drugs. National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia. ISBN: 1 74067 141 4 [T115] Download PDF

Saggers, S. and Gray, D. (2001). Theorising Indigenous health: a political economy of health and substance misuse. Health Sociology Review, 10, (2), pp. 21-32. [RJ380] View web page Abstract

Councillor, L. (2000). Information at Your Fingertips: Indigenous Australian Alcohol and Other Drugs Database. Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal, 24, (5), pp. 13. [UJ88] Abstract

Gray, D. (2000). Indigenous Australians and liquor licensing restrictions. Invited and refereed editorial. Addiction, 95, (10), pp. 1469-1472. [RJ332] View web page

Gray, D., Saggers, S., Atkinson, D., Sputore, B., A. and Bourbon, D. (2000). Beating the grog: an evaluation of the Tennant Creek liquor licensing restrictions. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 24, (1), pp. 39-44. [RJ307] View web page Abstract

Gray, D., Saggers, S., Sputore, B., A. and Bourbon, D. (2000). What works: a review of evaluated alcohol misuse interventions among Aboriginal Australians. Addiction, 95, (1), pp. 11-22. [RJ314] View web page Abstract

Sputore, B., A. (2000). Central Australian Indigenous alcohol and other drugs projects. CARPA Newsletter, (31). pp. 43. [UJ95]

Sputore, B., A., Gray, D. and Sampi, C. (2000). Review of the services provided by Jungarni-Jutiya Alcohol Action Council Aboriginal Corporation. National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology., Perth, Western Australia. ISBN: 1-86342-851-8 [T94] Download PDF

Bourbon, D., Saggers, S. and Gray, D. (1999). Indigenous Australians and Liquor Licensing Legislation. National Centre for Research into the Prevention of Drug Abuse, Division of Health Sciences, Perth, Western Australia. [T87] Download PDF

d'Abbs, P., Gray, D., Togni, S., Wales, N., Fitz, J. and Chikritzhs, T., N. (1999). Alcohol-related problems in Katherine: a report prepared for Morgan Buckley (Solicitors). Menzies School of Health Research & National Centre for Research into the Prevention of Drug Abuse, Division of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia. [T91] View web page

Gray, D. (1999). Alcohol consumption, related harm and intervention measures in Kununurra, Western Australia. National Centre for Research into the Prevention of Drug Abuse, Division of Health Sciences, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia. [T86]

Gray, D., Saggers, S., Atkinson, D., Sputore, B., A. and Bourbon, D. (1998). Evaluation of the Tennant Creek Liquor Licensing Restrictions: A Report Prepared for the Tennant Creek Beat the Grog Sub-Committee. National Centre for Research into the Prevention of Drug Abuse, Division of Health Sciences, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia. [T79] Download PDF

Gray, D., Sputore, B., A. and Walker, J. (1998). Evaluation of an Aboriginal health promotion program: a case study from Karalundi. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 8, (1), pp. 24-28. [RJ264] View web page Abstract

Saggers, S., Gray, D., Bourbon, D. and Parker, R. (1998). Local level supply and promotion of alcohol in two Aboriginal communities in rural Western Australia. National Centre for Research into the Prevention of Drug Abuse, Division of Health Sciences, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia. [T78]

Gray, D., Morfitt, B. and Walker, J. (1997). Karalundi Peer Support and Skills Training Program Evaluation. National Centre for Research into the Prevention of Drug Abuse, Curtin University of Technology & Karalundi Aboriginal Education Centre, Perth, Western Australia. [T64]

Saggers, S. and Gray, D. (1997). Supplying and promoting 'grog': the political economy of alcohol in Aboriginal Australia. Australian Journal of Social Issues, 32, (3), pp. 215-237. [RJ227] View web page

Gray, D. (1996). Harm reduction and self-determination. Commentary on Landau C. The prospects of a harm reduction approach among indigenous people in Canada. Drug and Alcohol Review, 15, (4), pp. 409-410. [RJ255] View web page

Gray, D., Saggers, S., Drandich, M., Wallam, D. and Plowright, P. (1995). Evaluating government health and substance abuse programs for indigenous peoples: a comparative review. Australian Journal of Public Health, 19, (6), pp. 567 - 572. [RJ215] View web page Abstract

Gray, D., Saggers, S., Plowright, P. and Drandich, M. (1995). Monitoring and evaluation models for indigenous peoples: a literature review for the Western Australian Aboriginal Affairs Department. National Centre for Research into the Prevention of Drug Abuse, Division of Health Sciences, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia. [T52]