Harm reduction policy and strategies

This research informs policy, strategies and practice interventions that aim to reduce harm to individuals, families, organisations and communities for people who continue to use alcohol and other drugs. It includes interventions from the micro level, such as preventing harm for individual drug users and their peers, to the macro, such as contributing to effective drug treaties and international conventions.

Name & Contact Details Role Location

Chronister, K., J., Lintzeris, N., Jackson, A., Ivan, M., Dietze, P., Lenton, S., Kearley, J. and van Beek, I. (2018). Findings and lessons learnt from implementing Australia’s first health service based take-home naloxone program. Drug and Alcohol Review, 37, (4), pp. 464-471. DOI: 10.1111/dar.12400 [RJ1114] View web page

Coomber, R., Moyle, L., Belackova, V., Decorte, T., Hakkarainen, P., Hathaway, A., Laidler, K., J., Lenton, S., Murphy, S., Scott, J., A., Stefunkova, M., van den Ven, K., Vlaeminck, M. and Werse, B. (2018). The burgeoning recognition and accommodation of the social supply of drugs in international criminal justice systems: An eleven-nation comparative overview. International Journal of Drug Policy, 58, pp. 93-103. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2018.05.010 [RJ1433] View web page

Dietze, P., Draper, B., Olsen, A., Chronister, K., J., van Beek, I., Lintzeris, N., Dwyer, R., Nelson, M. and Lenton, S. (2018). Does training people to administer take-home naloxone increase their knowledge? Evidence from Australian programs. Drug and Alcohol Review, 37, (4), pp. 472-479. DOI: 10.1111/dar.12680 [RJ1358] View web page

Dietze, P., Stare, M., Cogger, S., Nambiar, D., Olsen, A., Burns, L. and Lenton, S. (2018). Knowledge of naloxone and take-home naloxone programs among a sample of people who inject drugs in Australia: Variations across capital cities. Drug and Alcohol Review, 37, (4), pp. 457-463. DOI: 10.1111/dar.12644 [RJ1361] View web page

Dwyer, R., Olsen, A., Fowlie, C., Gough, C., van Beek, I., Jauncey, M., Lintzeris, N., Oh, G., Dicka, J., Fry, C., Hayllar, J. and Lenton, S. (2018). An overview of take-home naloxone programs in Australia. Drug and Alcohol Review, 37, (4), pp. 440-449. DOI: 10.1111/dar.12812 [RJ1409] View web page

Foulds, J., Manning, V., Garfield, J., B., Allsop, S., Lam, T., Arunogiri, S. and Lubman, D. (2018). Prescribed sedative and other psychotropic medication use among clients attending alcohol and other drug treatment. Drug and Alcohol Review. DOI: 10.1111/dar.12841 [RJ1396] View web page

Grigg, J., Barratt, M., J. and Lenton, S. (2018). Double dropping down under: Correlates of simultaneous consumption of two ecstasy pills in a sample of Australian outdoor music festival attendees. Drug and Alcohol Review. DOI: 10.1111/dar.12843 [RJ1354] View web page

Nelson, M. and Lenton, S. (2018). WA trends in ecstasy and related drug markets 2017: Findings from the Ecstasy and related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS). National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney. ISBN: 978-0-7334-3791-5 [T257] Download PDF

Olsen, A., Dwyer, R. and Lenton, S. (2018). Editorial: Take-home naloxone in Australia and beyond. Drug and Alcohol Review, 37, (4), pp. 437-439. DOI: 10.1111/dar.12700 [RJ1411] View web page

Olsen, A., McDonald, D., Lenton, S. and Dietze, P. (2018). Assessing causality in drug policy analyses: How useful are the Bradford Hill criteria in analyzing take-home naloxone programs? Drug and Alcohol Review, 37, (4), pp. 499-501. DOI: 10.1111/dar.12523 [RJ1328] View web page

Wilkins, C., Sznitman, S., Decorte, T., Hakkarainen, P. and Lenton, S. (2018). Characteristics of cannabis cultivation in New Zealand and Israel. Drugs and Alcohol Today, 18, (2), pp. 90-98. DOI: 10.1108/ DAT-03-2018-0010 [RJ1410] View web page

Scott, N., Carrotte, E., Higgs, P., Stoove, M., A., Aitken, C. and Dietze, P. (2017). Longitudinal changes in personal wellbeing in a cohort of people who inject drugs. PloS One, 12, (5). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0178474 [RJ1170] View web page

Fetherston, J. and Lenton, S. (2017). WA Drug Trends 2016: Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS). Australian Drug Trend Series No. 169. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, UNSW, Sydney, NSW. ISBN: 978-0-7334-3691-8 [T251] Download PDF

Horyniak, D., Dietze, P., Lenton, S., Alati, R., Bruno, R., Matthews, A., Breen, C. and Burns, L. (2017). Trends in reports of driving following illicit drug consumption among regular drug users in Australia, 2007–2013: Has random roadside drug testing had a deterrent effect? Accident Analysis and Prevention, 104, pp. 146-155. DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2017.05.008 [RJ1342] View web page

Konstenius, M., Leifman, A., van Emmerik-van Oortmerssen, K., van de Glind, G., Franck, J., Moggi, F., Ramos-Quiroga, J., Levin, F., R., Carpentier, P., Skutle, A., Bu, E., H., Kaye, S., Demetrovics, Z., Barta, C., Auriacombe, M., Fatséas, M., Johnson, B., Faraone, S., V., Allsop, S., Carruthers, S., Schoevers, R., A., Verspreet, S., Dom, G., Koeter, M., W. and van den Brink, W. (2017). Childhood trauma exposure in substance use disorder patients with and without ADHD. Addictive Behaviours, 65, pp. 118-124. DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.10.016 [RJ1280] View web page

Lenton, S. and Subritzky, T. (2017). On sentinel samples, sales data and potency. Commentary on Kilmer & Pacula: Greening the Black Market. Addiction, 112, (7), pp. 1137-1138. DOI: 10.1111/add.13756 [RJ1292] View web page

Manning, V., Garfield, J., B., Best, D., Berends, L., Room, R., Mugavin, J., Larner, A., Lam, T., Buykx, P., Allsop, S. and Lubman, D. (2017). Substance use outcomes following treatment: Findings from the Australian Patient Pathways Study. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 51, (2), pp. 177-189. DOI: 10.1177/0004867415625815 [RJ1169] View web page

Nelson, M. and Lenton, S. (2017). WA trends in ecstasy and related drug markets 2016: Findings from the Ecstasy and related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS). Australian Drug Trends Series No. 178. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney. ISBN: 978-0-7334-3691-8 [T252] Download PDF

Scott, J., A., Grigg, J., Barratt, M., J. and Lenton, S. (2017). Social capital and cannabis supply. Journal of Sociology, 53, (2), pp. 382-397. DOI: 10.1177/1440783316688342 [RJ1286] View web page

Subritzky, T., Pettigrew, S. and Lenton, S. (2017). Into the void: regulating pesticide use in Colorado’s commercial cannabis markets. International Journal of Drug Policy, 42, pp. 86-96. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2017.01.014 [RJ1252] View web page

Sutherland, R., Bruno, R., Peacock, A., Lenton, S., Matthews, A., Salom, C., Dietze, P., Butler, K., Burns, L. and Barratt, M., J. (2017). Motivations for new psychoactive substance use among regular psychostimulant users in Australia. International Journal of Drug Policy, 43, pp. 23-32. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2016.12.021 [RJ1291] View web page

Berends, L., Garfield, J., B., Manning, V., Buykx, P., Lam, T., Mugavin, J., Larner, A., Room, R., Allsop, S. and Lubman, D. (2016). Social disadvantage and past treatment among clients entering public alcohol and drug services in two Australian states. International Journal of Drug Policy, 29, pp. 88-90. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2015.12.018 [RJ1175] View web page

Dwyer, R., Fraser, S. and Dietze, P. (2016). Benefits and barriers to expanding the availability of take-home naloxone in Australia: A qualitative interview study with service providers. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 23, (5), pp. 1-9. DOI: 10.3109/09687637.2016.1150964 [RJ1128] View web page

Fetherston, J. and Lenton, S. (2016). WA Drug Trends 2015: Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS). National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney. ISBN: 978-0-7334-3630-7 [T244] View web page

Higgs, P., Cogger, S., Kelsall, J., Gavin, N., Elmore, K., Francis, P. and Dietze, P. (2016). It stops with us: Peer responses increase availability of sterile injecting equipment. International Journal of Drug Policy, 29, (1), pp. 96-97. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2015.12.020 [RJ1172] View web page

Higgs, P., Wright, C. and Hellard, M. (2016). Letter: New treatment for hepatitis C has implications for people who inject drugs. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 43, (7), pp. 840-841. DOI: 10.1111/apt.13538 [RJ1174] View web page

Horyniak, D., Higgs, P., Cogger, S., Dietze, P. and Bofu, T. (2016). Heavy alcohol consumption among marginalised African refugee young people in Melbourne, Australia: Motivations for drinking, experiences of alcohol-related problems, and strategies for managing drinking. Ethnicity and Health, 21, (3), pp. 284-299. DOI: 10.1080/13557858.2015.1061105 [RJ1058] View web page

Lenton, S., Dietze, P. and Jauncey, M. (2016). Perspective: Australia reschedules naloxone for overdose. Medical Journal of Australia, 204, (4), pp. 146-7. DOI: 10.5694/mja15.01181 [RJ1141] View web page

Lenton, S., Grigg, J., Scott, J., A. and Barratt, M., J. (2016). The social supply of cannabis in Australia: Definitional challenges and regulatory possibilities. In Werse, B. and Bernard, C. (eds.) Friendly Business - International Views on Social Supply, Self-Supply and Small-Scale Drug Dealing. Springer VS, Stuttgart. pp. 29-46. [CH207] View web page

Lubman, D., Garfield, J., B., Manning, V., Berends, L., Best, D., Mugavin, J., Lam, T., Buykx, P., Larner, A., Lloyd, B., Room, R. and Allsop, S. (2016). Characteristics of individuals presenting to treatment for primary alcohol problems versus other drug problems in the Australian Patient Pathways study. BMC Psychiatry. DOI: 10.1186/s12888-016-0956-9 [RJ1208] View web page

Nelson, M. and Lenton, S. (2016). WA trends in ecstasy and related drug markets 2015: Findings from the Ecstasy and related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS). National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney. ISBN: 978-0-7334-3639-0 [R286] View web page

Nelson, M., Lenton, S., Dietze, P., Olsen, A. and Agramunt, S. (2016). Evaluation of the WA Peer Naloxone Project – Final Report. National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia. ISBN: 978-0-9942806-2-6 [T249] Download PDF

Potter, G., Barratt, M., J., Malm, A., Bouchard, M., Blok, T., Christensen, A., Decorte, T., Frank, V., A., Hakkarainen, P., Klein, A., Lenton, S., Perälä, J., Werse, B. and Wouters, M. (2016). Global patterns of domestic cannabis cultivation: Sample characteristics and patterns of growing across eleven countries. In Werse, B. and Bernard, C. (eds.) Friendly Business - International Views on Social Supply, Self-Supply and Small-Scale Drug Dealing. Springer VS, Stuttgart. pp. 163-196. [CH209] View web page

Scott, N., Higgs, P., Caulkins, J., Aitken, C., Cogger, S. and Dietze, P. (2016). The introduction of CCTV and associated changes in heroin purchase and injection settings in Footscray, Victoria, Australia. Journal of Experimental Criminology. DOI: 10.1007/s11292-016-9259-x [RJ1060] View web page

Subritzky, T., Pettigrew, S. and Lenton, S. (2016). Issues in the implementation and evolution of the commercial recreational marijuana market in Colorado. International Journal of Drug Policy, 27, pp. 1-12. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2015.12.001 [RJ1125] View web page

Sutherland, R., Peacock, A., Whittaker, E., Roxburgh, A., Lenton, S., Matthews, A., Butler, K., Nelson, M., Burns, L. and Bruno, R. (2016). New psychoactive substance use among regular psychostimulant users in Australia, 2010-2015. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 161, pp. 110-118. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.01.024 [RJ1188] View web page

Van Buskirk, J., Roxburgh, A., Bruno, R., Naicker, S., Lenton, S., Sutherland, R., Whittaker, E., Sindicich, N., Matthews, A., Butler, K. and Burns, L. (2016). Characterising dark net marketplace purchasers in a sample of regular psychostimulant users. International Journal of Drug Policy, 35, pp. 32-37. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2016.01.010 [RJ1113] View web page

Allsop, S. (2015). NDRI contributes to new drug and alcohol tool for construction industry. SBEnrc website. safeconstruction.org.au. [O] View web page

Barratt, M., J. and Lenton, S. (2015). Representativeness of online purposive sampling with Australian cannabis cultivators. International Journal of Drug Policy, 26, (3), pp. 323-326. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.10.007 [RJ1026] View web page

Barratt, M., J., Potter, G., Wouters, M., Wilkins, C., Werse, B., Perälä, J., Pedersen, M., M., Nguyen, H., Malm, A., Lenton, S., Korf, D., Klein, A., Heyde, J., Hakkarainen, P., Frank, V., A., Decorte, T., Bouchard, M. and Blok, T. (2015). Lessons from conducting trans-national Internet-mediated participatory research with hidden populations of cannabis cultivators. International Journal of Drug Policy, 26, (3), pp. 238-249. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.12.004 [RJ1049] View web page

Dietze, P., Cogger, S., Malandkar, D., Olsen, A. and Lenton, S. (2015). Knowledge of naloxone and take-home naloxone programs among a sample of people who inject drugs in Australia. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of NSW, Sydney. ISBN: 1449-2725 [T237] View web page Abstract

Ferguson, C., Higgs, P. and Olsen, A. (2015). Jugular venipuncture and other innovative approaches to phlebotomy among people who inject drugs. Nursing & Health Sciences, 17, (4), pp. 539-541. DOI: 10.1111/nhs.12231 [RJ1074] View web page

Fetherston, J. and Lenton, S. (2015). Indicators of an increase in heroin availability in Western Australia. Drug Trends Bulletin December 2015. NDARC, Sydney. [T243] View web page Abstract

Fetherston, J. and Lenton, S. (2015). WA Drug Trends 2014: Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS). National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney. ISBN: 978-0-7334-3541-6 [T236] View web page

Grigg, J., Scott, J., Lenton, S. and Barratt, M., J. (2015). Social supply of cannabis in Australia. National Drug Law Enforcement Research Fund (NDLERF), Canberra. ISBN: 1449-7476 [T239] View web page Abstract

Hakkarainen, P., Frank, V., A., Barratt, M., J., Dahl, H., V., Decorte, T., Karjalainen, K., Lenton, S., Potter, G. and Werse, B. (2015). Growing medicine: Small-scale cannabis cultivation for medical purposes in six different countries. International Journal of Drug Policy, 26, (3), pp. 250-256. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.07.005 [RJ1013] View web page

Higgs, P., Aitken, C., Sacks-Davis, R. and Hellard, M. (2015). How “hidden” are unobserved networks among people who inject drugs? American Journal of Public Health, 105, (6), pp. e3. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2015.302667 [RJ1063] View web page

Higgs, P., Dwyer, R., Cogger, S., Hellard, M. and Maher, L. (2015). Behavioural research to inform understanding of hepatitis C resistance. Lancet Infectious Diseases, 15, (11), pp. 1260-1261. DOI: 10.1016/S1473-3099(15)00352-7 [RJ1078] View web page

Horyniak, D., Agius, P., Degenhardt, L., Reddel, S., Higgs, P., Aitken, C., Stoove, M., A. and Dietze, P. (2015). Patterns of, and factors associated with, illicit pharmaceutical opioid analgesic use in a prospective cohort of people who inject drugs in Melbourne, Australia. Substance Use and Misuse, 50, (13), pp. 1650-1659. DOI: 10.3109/10826084.2015.1027928 [RJ986] View web page

Lenton, S. and Dietze, P. (2015). Explainer: What is naloxone and how can it help save drug users who overdose? The Conversation. [UJ206] View web page

Lenton, S., Frank, V., A., Barratt, M., J. and Potter, G. (2015). Attitudes of cannabis growers to regulation of cannabis cultivation under a non-prohibition cannabis model. International Journal of Drug Policy, 26, (3), pp. 257-266. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.08.002 [RJ1015] View web page

Lenton, S., Dietze, P., Olsen, A., Wiggins, N., McDonald, D. and Fowlie, C. (2015). Working together: Expanding the availability of naloxone for peer administration to prevent opioid overdose deaths in the Australian Capital Territory and beyond. Drug and Alcohol Review, 34, (4), pp. 404-411. DOI: 10.1111/dar.12198 [RJ980] View web page

Lenton, S., Grigg, J., Scott, J., A. and Barratt, M., J. (2015). The social supply of cannabis among young people in Australia. Trends & issues in crime and criminal justice, December, (503), pp. 1-6. [RJ1027] View web page

Nelson, M. and Lenton, S. (2015). WA trends in ecstasy and related drug markets 2014: Findings from the Ecstasy and related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS). National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney. ISBN: 978-0-7334-3550-8 [T238] View web page

Olsen, A., McDonald, D., Lenton, S. and Dietze, P. (2015). Independent evaluation of the 'Implementing Expanded Naloxone Availability in the ACT (I-ENAACT) Program', 2011-2014; final report. Centre for Research Into Injecting Drug Use, Melbourne. [T241] Download PDF

Potter, G., Barratt, M., J., Malm, A., Bouchard, M., Blok, T., Christensen, A., Decorte, T., Frank, V., A., Hakkarainen, P., Klein, A., Lenton, S., Perälä, J., Werse, B. and Wouters, M. (2015). Global patterns of domestic cannabis cultivation: Sample characteristics and patterns of growing across eleven countries. International Journal of Drug Policy, 26, (3), pp. 226-237. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.12.007 [RJ1014] View web page

Wapp, M., van de Glind, G., van Emmerik-van Oortmerssen, K., Dom, G., Verspreet, S., Carpentier, P., Ramos-Quiroga, J., Skutle, A., Bu, E., H., Franck, J., Konstenius, M., Kaye, S., Demetrovics, Z., Barta, C., Fatséas, M., Auriacombe, M., Johnson, B., Faraone, S., V., Levin, F., R., Allsop, S., Carruthers, S., Schoevers, R., A., Koeter, M., W., van den Brink, W. and Moggi, F. (2015). Risk factors for borderline personality disorder in treatment seeking patients with a substance use disorder: An international multicentre study. European Addiction Research, 21, (4), pp. 188-194. DOI: 10.1159/000371724 [RJ1007] View web page

Young, J., T., Carruthers, S., Kaye, S., Allsop, S., Gilsenan, J., Degenhardt, L., van de Glind, G., van den Brink, W. and Preen, D. (2015). Comorbid attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and substance use disorder complexity and chronicity in treatment-seeking adults. Drug and Alcohol Review, 34, (6), pp. 683-693. DOI: 10.1111/dar.12249 [RJ1008] View web page

Nguyen, P., Bruno, R., Alati, R., Lenton, S., Burns, L. and Dietze, P. (2014). Self-reported recent testing and diagnosis for sexually transmitted infections among regular ecstasy users in Australia, 2011-2012. Drug and Alcohol Review, 33, (2), pp. 211-214. DOI: 10.1111/dar.12105 [RJ889] View web page

Burns, L., Roxburgh, A., Matthews, A., Bruno, R., Lenton, S. and Van Buskirk, J. (2014). The rise of New Psychoactive Substances in Australia. Drug Testing and Analysis. DOI: 10.1002/dta.1626 [RJ966] View web page

Fetherston, J. and Lenton, S. (2014). WA Drug Trends 2013. Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS). National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney. ISBN: 978-0-7334-3420-4 [T233] Download PDF

Grigg, J. and Lenton, S. (2014). WA trends in ecstasy and related drug markets 2013: Findings from the Ecstasy and related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS). National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney. ISBN: 978-0-7334-3411-2 [R270]

Hellard, M., Rolls, D., Sacks-Davis, R., Robins, G., Pattison, P., Higgs, P., Aitken, C. and McBryde, E. (2014). The impact of injecting networks on hepatitis C transmission and treatment in people who inject drugs. Hepatology, 60, (6), pp. 1861-1870. DOI: 10.1002/hep.27403 [RJ991] View web page

Kaye, S., Gilsenan, J., Young, J., T., Carruthers, S., Allsop, S., Degenhardt, L., van de Glind, G. and van den Brink, W. (2014). Risk behaviours among substance use disorder treatment seekers with and without adult ADHD symptoms. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 144, pp. 70-77. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.08.008 [RJ1006] View web page

Roarty, L., Wildy, H., Saggers, S., Wilson, M. and Symons, M. (2014). What difference does treatment make? Developing a qualitative measure of young people's progress in residential rehabilitation: final report. National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, WA. [T230] Download PDF

Barratt, M., J., Cakic, V. and Lenton, S. (2013). Patterns of synthetic cannabinoid use in Australia. Drug and Alcohol Review, 32, pp. 141-146. DOI: 10.1111/j.1465-3362.2012.00519.x [RJ849] View web page

Bright, S., J. and Barratt, M., J. (2013). The Kronic chronicles. Prevention in Action – Australian Drug Foundation, April, pp. 4-5. [UJ188]

Bright, S., J., Bishop, B., Kane, R., Marsh, A. and Barratt, M., J. (2013). Kronic Hysteria: Exploring the intersection between Australian synthetic cannabis legislation, the media, and drug-related harm. International Journal of Drug Policy, 24, pp. 231-237. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2012.12.002 [RJ877] View web page

Fetherston, J. and Lenton, S. (2013). Indications and implications of a gradual recovery in Perth's heroin market. Drug Trends Bulletin, April. [UJ187]

Fetherston, J. and Lenton, S. (2013). WA Drug Trends 2012: Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS). [T222]

Grigg, J. and Lenton, S. (2013). WA trends in ecstasy and related drug markets 2012: Findings from the Ecstasy and related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS). National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney. ISBN: 978-0-7334-3247-7 [T224]

Horyniak, D., Dietze, P., Degenhardt, L., Higgs, P., McIlwraith, F., Alati, R., Bruno, R., Lenton, S. and Burns, L. (2013). The relationship between age and risky injecting practices among a sample of Australian people who inject drugs. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 132, (3), pp. 541-546. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.03.021 [RJ890] View web page

Horyniak, D., Higgs, P., Jenkinson, R., Degenhardt, L., Stoove, M., A., Kerr, T., Hickman, M., Aitken, C. and Dietze, P. (2013). Recruitment and retention of a sample of community-recruited injecting drug users: The Melbourne injecting drug user cohort study (MIX). Harm Reduction Journal, 10, (11). DOI: 10.1186/1477-7517-10-11 [RJ913] View web page

Sacks-Davis, R., Aitken, C., Higgs, P., Spelman, T., Pedrana, A., Bowden, S., Bharadwaj, M., Nivarthi, U., K., Suppiah, V., George, J., Grebely, J., Drummer, H. and Hellard, M. (2013). High rates of hepatitis C virus reinfection and spontaneous clearance of reinfection in people who inject drugs: a prospective cohort study. PloS One, 8, (11), pp. e80216. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080216 [RJ932] View web page

van de Glind, G., Konstenius, M., van Emmerik-van Oortmerssen, K., Carpentier, P., Kaye, S., Degenhardt, L., Skutle, A., Franck, J., Bu, E., H., Moggi, F., Dom, G., Verspreet, S., Demetrovics, Z., Kapitány-Fövény, M., Fatséas, M., Auriacombe, M., Schillinger, A., Moller, M., Johnson, B., Faraone, S., V., Ramos-Quiroga, J., Casas, M., Allsop, S., Carruthers, S., Schoevers, R., A., Wallhed Finn, S., Barta, C., Alleman, P., Levin, F., R., van den Brink, W. and Koeter, M., W. (2013). Variability in the prevalence of adult ADHD in treatment seeking substance use disorder patients: Results from an international multi-center study exploring DSM-IV and DSM-5 criteria. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 134, (1), pp. 158-166. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.09.026 [RJ949] View web page

Wilson, M., Saggers, S. and Wildy, H. (2013). Using narratives to understand progress in youth Alcohol and Other Drug treatment. Qualitative Research Journal, 13, (1), pp. 114-131. DOI: 10.1108/14439881311314694 [RJ881] View web page

Barratt, M., J. and Bright, S., J. (2012). Legal highs: what should we do about synthetic cannabis? The Conversation. [UJ186] View web page

Barratt, M., J., Bouchard, M., Decorte, T., Frank, V., A., Hakkarainen, P., Lenton, S., Malm, A., Nguyen, H. and Potter, G. (2012). Understanding global patterns of domestic cannabis cultivation. Drugs and Alcohol Today, 12, (4), pp. 213-221. [RJ872]

Bright, S., J. and Barratt, M., J. (2012). Kronic Hysteria: Emerging drugs and the consequences of prohibition. Victorian Alcohol & Drug Association News, Apr, pp. 5. [UJ180] Download PDF

Cercarelli, R., Allsop, S., Evans, M. and Velander, F. (2012). Reducing alcohol-related harm in the workplace. An evidence review: summary report. Victorian Health Promotion Foundation. Victorian Health Promotion Foundation 2012, Melbourne, Australia. ISBN: 978-1-921822-32-2 [R252] View web page

Horyniak, D., Higgs, P., Cogger, S., Degenhardt, L., Power, R. and Dietze, P. (2012). A case series of people of East African ethnicity who inject drugs in Melbourne, Australia. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 36, (6), pp. 586-87. DOI: 10.1111/j.1753-6405.2012.00960.x [RJ910] View web page

Rainsford, C., A. and Lenton, S. (2012). WA Drug Trends 2011: Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS), NDARC Technical Report No. 79. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, UNSW, Sydney. [R253]

Roarty, L., Wildy, H., Saggers, S., Conigrave, K., Wilson, M., Di Nicola, K., Webb, J. and Faulkner, J. (2012). 'My Journey Map': Developing a qualitative approach to mapping young people's progress in residential rehabilitation. Contemporary Drug Problems, 39, (4), pp. 715-733. [RJ834]

Roarty, L. (2011). Mapping progress: Young people in residential treatment. CentreLines, 35, pp. 2-4. [UJ184]

Lenton, S. and Allsop, S. (2010). A tale of CIN – the Cannabis Infringement Notice scheme in Western Australia. Addiction, 105, (5), pp. 808-816. [RJ692] Abstract

Rainsford, C., A., Fetherston, J. and Lenton, S. (2010). WA Trends in ecstasy and related drug markets 2009: Findings from the Ecstasy and related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS). [T197]

Rainsford, C., A., Lenton, S. and Fetherston, J. (2010). Indications of changing trends in heroin and other opioid use in IDRS data nationally and in Western Australia. Drug Trends Quarterly Bulletin, April. National Drug and Alcohol Research Committee, University of New South Wales, Sydney. ISBN: 1449-2725 [UP25] Download PDF

Room, R., Fischer, B., Hall, W., Lenton, S. and Reuter, P. (2010). Cannabis Policy: Moving Beyond Stalemate. Oxford University Press, New York. ISBN: 0199581487 [M74] Abstract

Cercarelli, R., Allsop, S., Midford, R. and Pidd, K. (2009). Workplace interventions for alcohol and other drug problems (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (2). DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007721 [RJ647] View web page

George, J., Fetherston, J., Lenton, S. and Santana, L. (2009). WA drug trends 2008: Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS) NDARC Technical Report No. 25. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney. ISBN: 978-0-7334-2746-6 [T198]

George, J., Fetherston, J., Lenton, S. and Santana, L. (2009). Western Australian Drug Trends 2008: Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS). National Drug and Alcohol research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney. [T196]

Lenton, S., Dietze, P., Degenhardt, L., Darke, S. and Butler, T. (2009). Naloxone for administration by peers in cases of heroin overdose. Medical Journal of Australia, 198, (8), pp. 469. [RJ685] View web page

Lenton, S., Dietze, P., Degenhardt, L., Darke, S. and Butler, T. (2009). Now is the time to take steps to allow peer access to naloxone for heroin overdose in Australia. Drug and Alcohol Review, 28, pp. 583-585. [RJ702] View web page Abstract

Black, E., Roxburgh, A., Degenhardt, L., Bruno, R., Campbell, G., de Graff, B., Fetherston, J., Kinner, S., Moon, C., Quinn, B., Richardson, M., Sindicich, N. and White, N. (2008). Australian drug trends 2007: Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS). [T188]

Degenhardt, L., Kinner, S., Roxburgh, A., Black, E., Bruno, R., Fetherston, J. and Fry, C. (2008). Drug use and risk among regular injecting drug users in Australia: Does age make a difference? Drug and Alcohol Review, 27, pp. 357-360. [RJ622] Abstract

Degenhardt, L., Roxburgh, A., Black, E., Bruno, R., Campbell, G., Kinner, S. and Fetherston, J. (2008). The epidemiology of methamphetamine use and harm in Australia. Drug and Alcohol Review, 27, (3), pp. 243-252. [RJ616] Abstract

Fetherston, J. and Lenton, S. (2008). WA Drug Trends 2007: Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney. [T182]

Fetherston, J., Topp, L., Black, E., Iverson, J. and Maher, L. (2008). Blood borne virus surveillance among sentinel samples of injecting drug users. IDRS Drug Trends December Bulletin 2007. [UJ151]

George, J. and Lenton, S. (2008). WA trends in ecstasy and related drug markets 2007: Findings from the Ecstasy and related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS). National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney. ISBN: 9780733426353 [T186]

Lenton, S. (2008). Commentary: Case for peer naloxone further strengthened. Addiction, 103, pp. 1658-9. [RJ623]

Room, R., Fischer, B., Hall, W., Lenton, S. and Reuter, P. (2008). The Global Cannabis Commission Report: Cannabis policy - moving beyond stalemate. The Beckley Foundation, Oxford. Available at http://www.beckleyfoundation.org/pdf/BF_Cannabis_Commission_Report.pdf. [T193]

Black, E. and Fetherston, J. (2007). Australian Drug trends 2006: Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS). [T183]

Fetherston, J. and Lenton, S. (2007). Effects of the Western Australian Cannabis Infringement Notice Scheme on public attitudes, knowledge and use: a comparison of pre- and post change data. National Drug Research Institute, Perth. ISBN: 1 74067 564 9 [T177] Download PDF

Fetherston, J. and Lenton, S. (2007). WA Drug Trends 2006: Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS). National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney. [T173]

George, J. and Lenton, S. (2007). WA trends in ecstasy and related drug markets 2006: Findings from the Ecstasy and related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS). National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney. [T185]

Lenton, S. (2007). Reforming cannabis penalty regimes to reduce harm. Matters of Substance. [UJ150]

O'Brien, S., Black, E., Degenhardt, L., Roxburgh, A., Campbell, G., de Graff, B., Fetherston, J., Jenkinson, R., Kinner, S., Moon, C. and White, N. (2007). Australian Drug trends 2006: Findings from the Illicit Drug reporting System (IDRS). [T174]

Fetherston, J. and Lenton, S. (2006). WA Drug Trends 2005: Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS). National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney. [T164]

George, J. and Lenton, S. (2006). WA Trends in Ecstasy and related drug markets 2005: Findings from the Party Drugs Initiative (PDI). National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC): University of New South Wales. [T170]

Stafford, J., Degenhardt, L., Black, E. and Fetherston, J. (2006). Australian drug trends 2005: Findings from the Illicit Drug reporting System (IDRS). National Drug Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney. [T165]

Stafford, J., Degenhardt, L., Dunn, M., Fischer, J., George, J., Johnston, J., Matthews, A., Newman, J., Proudfoot, P. and Weekley, J. (2006). Australian Trends in Ecstasy and Related Drug Markets 2005: Findings from the Party Drugs Initiative (PDI). National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC): University of New South Wales. [M65]

Chanteloup, F. and Lenton, S. (2005). WA Trends in Ecstasy and related drug markets 2004: Findings from the Party Drugs Initiative (PDI). NDARC, Sydney. [T159]

Chanteloup, F., Lenton, S., Barratt, M., J. and Fetherston, J. (2005). Effects of the Western Australian Cannabis Infringement Notice Scheme on regular cannabis users regarding attitudes, use, and drug market factors – Baseline, Year 1. National Drug Research Institute, Perth. ISBN: 1740674057 [T139] Download PDF

Farringdon, F. and Lenton, S. (2005). Effects of the Western Australian Cannabis Infringement Notice Scheme on the attitudes and drug use of school children – Baseline, Year 1. National Drug Research Institute, Perth. ISBN: 140674081 [T162] Download PDF

Fetherston, J. and Lenton, S. (2005). Effects of the Western Australian Cannabis Infringement Notice Scheme on public attitudes, knowledge and use – Baseline, Year 1. National Drug Research Institute, Perth. ISBN: 1740674065 [T138] Download PDF Abstract

Fetherston, J. and Lenton, S. (2005). WA Drug Trends 2004: Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Sydney. [T158]

Lenton, S. (2005). ‘Windows of opportunity’ and other useful ideas for understanding drug policy change. ADCA News. [UJ126]

Lenton, S. (2005). Deterrence theory and the limitations of criminal penalties for cannabis use. In Stockwell, T., R., Gruenewald, P., Toumbourou, J. and Loxley, W. (eds.) Preventing harmful substance use: The evidence base for policy and practice. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [CH113] Abstract

Lenton, S., Chanteloup, F., Fetherston, J., Sutton, A., Hawks, D., V., Barratt, M., J. and Farringdon, F. (2005). An evaluation of the impact of changes to cannabis law in WA – Summary of the Year 1 findings. Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra. [M55] Download PDF

Stafford, J., Degenhardt, L., Agaliotis, M., Chanteloup, F., Fischer, J., Matthews, A., Newman, J., Proudfoot, P., Stoove, M., A. and Weekley, J. (2005). Australian drug trends in ecstasy and related markets 2004: Findings from the Party Drugs Initiative (PDI). NDARC, Sydney. ISBN: 0733422365 [T160]

Stafford, J., Degenhardt, L., Black, E., Bruno, R., Buckingham, K., Fetherston, J., Jenkinson, R., Kinner, S., Moon, C., Ward, J. and Weekley, J. (2005). Australian drug trends 2004: Findings from the Illicit Drug reporting System (IDRS). [M54]

Sutton, A. and Hawks, D., V. (2005). The Cannabis Infringement Notice Scheme in Western Australia: a review of policy, police and judicial perspectives. Drug and Alcohol Review, 24, (4), pp. 331-336. [RJ480] Abstract

Breen, C., Degenhardt, L., Roxburgh, A., Bruno, R., Fetherston, J., Jenkinson, R., Kinner, S., Moon, C., Proudfoot, P., Ward, J. and Weekley, J. (2004). Australian Drug Trends 2003: Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS). NDARC, Sydney. [T146]

Chanteloup, F. and Lenton, S. (2004). WA Party Drug Trends 2003 - Findings from the Party Drugs Initiative (PDI). NDARC, Sydney. ISBN: 1 877027766 [T153]

Fetherston, J. and Lenton, S. (2004). WA Drug Trends 2003. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Sydney. [T142]

Lenton, S. (2004). Cannabis law reform: Western Australia passes new legislation. Of Substance, 2, (1), pp. 7. [UJ125]

Midford, R., Young, N., A., Farringdon, F. and Bogaards, T. (2004). School leaver celebrations in Western Australia: A three year intervention study. International Journal of Health Promotion & Education, 42, (4), pp. 100-108. [RJ447]

Breen, C., Degenhardt, L., Bruno, R., Roxburgh, A., Duquemin, A., Fetherston, J., Fischer, J., Jenkinson, R., Kinner, S., Longo, M. and Rushforth, C. (2003). Australian Drug Trends 2002: Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS). [T134]

Fetherston, J. and Lenton, S. (2003). WA Drug Trends 2002: Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS). NDARC, University of New South Wales. [T133]

Hargreaves, K., M. and Lenton, S. (2003). Naloxone for overdose: Consideration of a trial of naloxone provision for peer or worker administration in Victoria. National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth. ISBN: 1 74067 299 2 [T124] Abstract

Carruthers, S., Boots, K. and Midford, R. (2002). Perceived and self-reported licit and illicit drug use among fishing industry workers on the mid-north coast of Western Australia. Drug and Alcohol Review, 21, (4), pp. 357-362. [RJ346] Abstract

Hargreaves, K., M. and Lenton, S. (2002). WA Drug Trends 2001: Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Sydney. [T119]

Hargreaves, K., M., Lenton, S., Phillips, M. and Swensen, G. (2002). Potential impacts on the incidence of fatal heroin-related overdose in Western Australia: A time series analysis. Drug and Alcohol Review, 21, (4), pp. 321-327. [RJ384] View web page Abstract

Midford, R., Midford, S. and Farringdon, F. (2002). Leavers at Margaret River: A Community Approach to Planning and Management. In Midford, R. (ed.). NDRI, Curtin University, Perth. [T125]

Young, N., A., Midford, R. and Farringdon, F. (2002). School Leavers’ Celebrations on Rottnest Island: Going it Alone. National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia. [T126]

Hargreaves, K., M. and Lenton, S. (2001). The Naloxone Feasibility Study. National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australian. [T89]

Hargreaves, K., M. and Lenton, S. (2001). WA Drug Trends 2000: Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Sydney. [T184] Abstract

Lenton, S. (2001). Re:Cannabis as a gateway drug: comments on Fergusson and Horwood (2000) (Addiction 95(4)). Addiction, 96, (3), pp. 511-513. [RJ352]

Saggers, S., Gray, D. and Catalano, P. (2001). Port Hedland and Roebourne substance misuse services review. National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology. National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia. ISBN: 1 74067 083 3 [T110] Download PDF

Topp, L., Darke, S., Humeniuk, R., Bruno, R., Hargreaves, K., M., Williams, P., Fry, C., O'Reilly, B. and McAllister, R. (2001). Australian drug trends 2000 IDRS: Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Sydney. [M34]

Hargreaves, K., M. and Lenton, S. (2000). WA Drug Trends 1999: Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System. NDARC, Sydney. ISBN: 0733406785 [T95]

Lenton, S. (2000). Cannabis policy and the burden of proof: Is it now beyond reasonable doubt that cannabis prohibition is not working? Drug and Alcohol Review, 19, (1), pp. 95-100. DOI: 10.1080/09595230096192 [RJ324] View web page

Lenton, S. and Hargreaves, K., M. (2000). Editorial: A trial of naloxone for peer administration has merit, but will the lawyers let it happen? Drug and Alcohol Review, 19, (4), pp. 365-369. [RJ353] View web page

Lenton, S. and Hargreaves, K., M. (2000). Should we conduct a trial of distributing naloxone to heroin users for peer administration to prevent fatal overdose? Medical Journal of Australia, 173, (4), pp. 260-263. [RJ326] View web page

Lenton, S., Heale, P., Erickson, P., G., Single, E., Lang, E. and Hawks, D., V. (2000). The regulation of cannabis possession, use and supply: a discussion document prepared for the Drugs and Crime Prevention Committee of The Parliament of Victoria. National Drug Research Institute, Perth, Western Australia. ISBN: 1863428569 [M25]

Lenton, S., Frank, V., A., Barratt, M., J., Potter, G., R. and Decorte, T. Growing practices and the use of potentially harmful chemical additives among a sample of small scale cannabis growers in three countries. [In Press] [RJ1360] Abstract