Indigenous NAIP

  • Research program: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health
  • Project status: Completed
  • Start date: June 2003
  • Expected end date: June 2008
  • Completion date: November 2010
  • Funded by: Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing
  • Lead organisation:

In November 2002 the National Drug Strategy Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples’ Reference Group and the National Expert Advisory Committee on Alcohol (NEACA) held a joint meeting to develop a series of key priority actions to address gaps in the evidence base supporting Indigenous alcohol harm reduction initiatives. One of the priorities identified was the need for indicators of alcohol related harms specific to Indigenous Australians in order to allow the timely and reliable measurement of the effectiveness of policies and interventions. The Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing funded the National Drug Research Institute (NDRI) to undertake work in this area. As part of this project, a National Alcohol Indicators Project Bulletin (No. 11) on Indigenous alcohol-attributable death was published. It received intense media attention, and over 2000 copies of the bulletins have been distributed. Among the key finding were:

Over the period 1998 to 2004, an estimated 1,145 (4.85/10,000) Indigenous Australians died from alcohol attributable injury and disease caused by drinking.

Trends and numbers of alcohol-attributable deaths among Indigenous Australians varied widely both between and within jurisdictions.

In 2004, Indigenous alcohol-attributable death rates in the Central NT (14/10,000), and WA North (10/10,000) were more than double the national rate of 4.17 per 10,00 for that year.

Suicide (19%) and alcoholic liver cirrhosis (18%) accounted for almost 40% of all alcohol-attributable deaths among Indigenous men.

Alcoholic liver cirrhosis (27%), haemorrhagic stroke (16%), and fatal injury caused by assault (10%) were the most common causes of alcohol-attributable death among Indigenous women.

Average age at death from alcohol-attributable causes among Indigenous people was about 35 years.

Name & Contact Details Role Research Program Location
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Professor Tanya Chikritzhs
Tel: 61 (0)8 9266 1609
View profile

Chief Investigator

Alcohol policy and strategies


  • Project staff: Zaza Lyons, Curtin University
  • Project staff: Richard Pascal, Curtin University

This project aligns with the following Sustainable Development Goals and Targets:

Pascal, R., Chikritzhs, T., N. and Gray, D. (2009). Estimating alcohol-attributable mortality among Indigenous Australians: towards Indigenous-specific alcohol aetiologic fractions. Drug and Alcohol Review, 28, (2), pp. 196–200. doi:10.1111/j.1465-3362.2008.00044.x [RJ565] View web page

Chikritzhs, T., N., Pascal, R., Gray, D., Stearne, A., Saggers, S. and Jones, P. (2007). Trends in alcohol-attributable deaths among Indigenous Australians, 1998-2004. National Alcohol Indicators Project, Bulletin No.11. [R199] Download PDF Abstract

Chikritzhs, T., N., Stockwell, T., R., Gray, D., Stearne, A., Pascal, R. and Saggers, S. (2004). Applying national indicators of alcohol-related harms to Indigenous Australians: a discussion paper. National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia. [T152]