Harm to children from others' drinking

  • Research program: Alcohol policy and strategies
  • Project status: Current
  • Start date: January 2015
  • Expected end date: April 2020
  • Completion date:
  • Funded by: NHMRC Early Career Research Fellowship
  • Lead organisation:

Children of heavy drinkers are at increased risk of many health and social problems, including health outcomes such as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorder, reduced intellectual development, anxiety, depression, adolescent suicidality and poorer general health disease and injury outcomes. In Australia, since the early beginnings of the child rescue movement, drinking has been recognised as being involved in social problems too, for instance: incidents of child abuse and neglect, domestic violence and family breakdown. One in 5 children in Australia have been negatively affected by others’ drinking, a third of child maltreatment in Australia involves carer alcohol abuse and alcohol is involved in more severe and repeated child maltreatment.

Drinking amongst Australian parents is widespread. Studies indicate that 79% of drinkers living with children consume alcohol around them, and 31% of respondents with children drink riskily at least monthly. While this is not necessarily a concern, the Alcohol’s harm to others (AHTO) work Laslett leads in Australia indicates that family members’ heavy drinking too often results in verbal abuse, exposure to domestic violence, poor supervision and physical injury of children. One in 6 respondents in Australia report a child in their family had experienced at least one of these alcohol-related harms to children (ARHC) in the previous year.

Anne-Marie was awarded a National Health and Medical Research Council Early Career Fellowship to further this research on “Harm to children from others' drinking”. Her position at NDRI commenced in May this year and will include three main studies to be undertaken over four years .

• Study 1 will include cross-national analyses of alcohol’s harm to children in surveys from 9 different countries, addressing questions such as: What is the nature of and context of alcohol’s harm to children? Does alcohol’s harm to children vary cross-nationally or is it universal?

• Study 2 will also contribute to the study’s first aim by first collating and then analysing child health and welfare harm data, exploring to what extent alcohol is involved in selected health and child protection outcomes and services across Australia, and whether social location plays a role.

• Study 3 will analyse the relationships within Australia between measures of alcohol consumption and child health and social outcome indicators over time and geographically, exploring questions such as: Are changes in annual child injury deaths and injuries and changes in child protection caseloads correlated over time with changes in per capita alcohol consumption in Australia?

The findings will contribute new knowledge of the harms to children from alcohol, and explore with time-series analysis the evidence on whether changes in licence density and alcohol sales have contributed to changes in harms to children. Because the drinking of parents and family members are beyond the control of the children affected, the evidence provided on these “externalities” contributes powerful evidence for policymaking, identifying potential points of intervention for prevention of harms to children from others’ drinking.

Name & Contact Details Role Research Program Location

Dr Anne-Marie Laslett
Senior Research Fellow
Tel: 61 (0)3 9479 8726
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Laslett, A., L., Stanesby, O., Graham, K., Callinan, S., Karriker-Jaffe, K., Wilsnack, S., Kuntsche, S., Waleewong, O., Greenfield, T., K., Gmel, G., Florenzano, R., Hettige, S., Siengsounthone, L., Wilson, I., Taft, A. and Room, R. (2019). Children’s experience of physical harms and exposure to family violence from others’ drinking in nine societies. Addiction Research and Theory. DOI: 0.1080/16066359.2019.1704272 [RJ1570] View web page

Graham, K., Bernards, S., Laslett, A., L., Gmel, G., Kuntsche, S., Wilsnack, S., Bloomfield, K., Grittner, U., Taft, A., Wilson, I. and Wells, S. (2018). Children, parental alcohol consumption and intimate partner violence: A multi-country analysis by perpetration versus victimization and sex. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. DOI: 10.1177/0886260518804182 [RJ1449] View web page

Laslett, A., L., Jiang, H. and Chikritzhs, T., N. (2018). Child injury deaths linked with adult per capita alcohol consumption: a time series analysis of harm to children from others’ drinking. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 185, pp. 360-366. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.11.024 [RJ1256] View web page

Room, R., Callinan, S., Greenfield, T., K., Rekve, D., Waleewong, O., Stanesby, O., Thamarangsi, T., Benegal, V., Casswell, S., Florenzano, R., Hanh, H., T., Hettige, S., Karriker-Jaffe, K., Obot, I., Rao, G., Siengsounthone, L. and Laslett, A., L. (2018). The social location of harm from others' drinking in 10 societies. Addiction, 114, (3), pp. 425-433. DOI: 10.1111/add.14447 [RJ1457] View web page

Waleewong, O., Laslett, A., L., Chenhall, R. and Room, R. (2018). Seeking-help for harm from others’ drinking in five Asian countries: Variation between societies, by type of harm and by source of help. Alcohol and Alcoholism. DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy044 [RJ1372] View web page

Wilkinson, C., Pennay, A., MacLean, S., Livingston, M., Room, R., Hamilton, M., Laslett, A., L., Jiang, H., Callinan, S. and Waleewong, O. (2018). Addiction research centres and the nurturing of creativity. The Centre for Alcohol Policy Research (CAPR), Melbourne: a decade on. Addiction, 113, (3), pp. 568-574. DOI: 10.1111/add.14075 [RJ1373] View web page

Jiang, H., Callinan, S., Laslett, A., L. and Room, R. (2017). Measuring time spent caring for drinkers and their dependents. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 52, (1), pp. 112-118. DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agw070 [RJ1205] View web page

Laslett, A., L. (2017). Alcohol's harm to others: Evidence and Options for Community Action. In Giesbrecht, N. and Bosma, L. (eds.). American Public Health Association Press, Washington D.C.. pp. 67-82. [CH216]

Laslett, A., L., Jiang, H. and Room, R. (2017). Alcohol consumption of Australian parents: continuity and change in the new millennium. Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education, Canberra. [M98] Download PDF

Laslett, A., L., Rankin, G., Waleewong, O., Callinan, S., Hoang, H., T., Florenzane, R., Hettige, S., Obot, I., Siengsounthone, L., Ibanga, A., Hope, A., Landberg, J., Vu, H., T., Thamarangsi, T., Rekve, D. and Room, R. (2017). A multi-country study of harms to children because of others' drinking. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 78, (2), pp. 195-202. DOI: 10.15288/jsad.2017.78.195 [RJ1246] View web page

Stoove, M., A., Dietze, P. and Laslett, A., L. (2017). Epidemiology: analysing patterns of drug use and harm. In Ritter, A., King, T. and Lee, N. (eds.) Drug Use in Australian society (2nd ed). Oxford University Press, South Melbourne, Victoria. [CH217]

Callinan, S., Laslett, A., L., Rekve, D., Room, R., Waleewong, O., Benegal, V., Casswell, S., Florenzano, R., Vu, H., T., Hoang, H., T., Hettige, S., Huckle, T., Obot, I., Rao, G., Rankin, G. and Thamarangsi, T. (2016). Alcohol's harm to others: an international collaborative project. International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research, 5, (2), pp. 25-32. DOI: 10.7895/ijadr.v5i2.218 [RJ1138] View web page

Tamutiene, I. and Laslett, A., L. (2016). Associative stigma and other harms in a sample of families of heavy drinkers in Lithuania. Journal of Substance Use, 22, (4), pp. 1-9. DOI: 10.1080/14659891.2016.1232760 [RJ1225] View web page