Chikritzhs, T., N. and Stockwell, T., R. (2002). The impact of later trading hours for Australian public houses (hotels) on levels of violence. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 63, (5), pp. 591-599. [RJ383]
Objectives. To examine the impact of later trading hours for licensed hotels in Perth, Western Australia on levels of violent assault on or near these premises. Methods. Data on assault offences reported to police between July 1 1991 and June 30 1997 were examined to identify those that occurred on or close to hotels. During this period 45 (24%) of the 188 hotels meeting study criteria were granted an Extended Trading Permit for 1am closing (“ETP hotels”) while the rest continued to close at mid-night (“non-ETP hotels”). A time series analysis employing linear regression was used to test whether there was a relationship between the introduction of extended trading and monthly rates of assaults associated with ETP hotels while controlling for the general trend in assault rates among normally trading hotels. Possible confounders and other variables of interest including levels of alcohol purchases were also examined. Results. After controlling for the general trend in assaults occurring throughout Perth hotels, there was a significant increase in monthly assault rates for hotels with late trading following the introduction of extended trading licenses. This relationship was largely accounted for by higher volumes of high alcohol content beer, wine and spirits purchased by late trading hotels. Conclusions. Late trading was associated with both increased violence in and around Perth hotels and levels of alcohol consumption during the study period. It was is suggested that greater numbers of patrons and increased levels of intoxication contributed to the observed increase in violence and that systematic planning and evaluation of late trading licenses was required.
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